(This post is a continuation of my father’s letter explaining his “reason for emigration,” which he wrote in Cuba in 1938. More excerpts to come…)


Surprisingly, our earnings increased from month to month, so that, unfortunately, familiarizing myself with the details of emigration are not even considered. The rise in earnings is attributed to, or can be explained by, the government charging too little interest on considerable sums in order to stimulate — or lift — the economy.

During this time, my sister Alice decided to emigrate with her husband, Julius, and their son, Herbert, to Paris. My brother-in-law, who with his brother owned a fur business in Nürnberg by the name of Pelzhaus Stock, had to leave Germany in a whirlwind exit, in order to not be sent to the concentration camp Dachau, because he had gotten into several brawls, fist fights with SA and SS people, and was in danger of being arrested in Nürnberg.

The armament of Germany, a main program of Hitler’s, made colossal progress. Barracks, freeways/highways, schools, and government-run banks began to be tackled and unemployment declined rapidly. In September of 1935, the following laws were proclaimed at the N.S.D.A.P. Party Conference in Nürnberg:

  1. General electoral duty, or compulsory voting
  2. Jewish Racial Laws

Law #2 forbade Jews to enter into marriage with a person of Aryan or Aryan-similar blood, as well as no sexual relations with an Aryan woman. This so-called “Racial Shame Law” became retroactively applied and numerous Jews were condemned to prison sentences.

At the end of October 1935, my dearest father died suddenly. I must contend that the internal agitations of these occurrences are the main reason for his early demise. The unexpected death placed great responsibilities upon me and my mother, Ida.

These were not that difficult for me to bear, since I had already been involved with the business for seven years and made the purchases in Bayern, in part, by myself. Also, the expressions of sympathy of condolences from our clientele toward the death of my father repeatedly proved to us how loyal and devoted our clientele was, as well as how loved or endeared my father was.

Time strides on, one hears here and again something of emigrations, but to consider for one’s self to emigrate, I couldn’t bring myself to it.